Research says that a million plastic bottles are purchased across the globe every minute. Daily people discard approximately 60 million plastic water bottles; 25% of those bottles are incinerated and 20% are recycled. The remaining 55% end up in streets, parks, and waterways.
Plastic water bottles are not biodegradable but over time, they break down into tiny plastic particles, called microplastics. These microplastics can remain on earth for 1000 years to decompose. During this process, it leaks dangerous chemicals, which are not only harmful to the environment but also human health.
These plastic water bottles are quite cheap and useful, but it carries environmental consequences. From manufacturing to dumping, plastic bottles affect nature, wildlife, and humans.
Let’s know the impacts of plastic water bottles –
According to studies by researchers, 8 million tons of plastic water bottles end up in the ocean every year. It is estimated that by the year 2050, we will find more plastic than the fish in the ocean. However, aquatic mammals are not only the victims of plastic debris, but the birds also have plastic trash in their stomachs.
Extensive disposal of plastic bottles in developing nations without a proper garbage disposal system can make flooding events worse. This takes place when plastic bottles accumulate in sewage and block the drainage system. Blocked drainage eventually breeds diseases and thus causes air pollution.
The plastic water bottle contains a harmful chemical, called bisphenol A (BPA). However, we all are exposed to it through water, air, and food. There are many health risks associated with BPA, like cancer and reproductive disabilities.
What can you do?
Follow a simple formula ‘3R’ – reduce, reuse, recycle. Choose earth-friendly options and change your lifestyle to help yourself and also the environment. Importantly, go an extra mile and spread the word on how much the usage of plastic water bottles affects the environment.